This paper argues that concerns about the resilience of essential services require a reassessment of the impacts of migrant workers and the design of labour migration and related public policies. The Covid-19 pandemic highlighted the high share of migrants among ‘key workers’ who deliver essential services, notably in agriculture and food production, health services and social care. We review existing insights on the role of migrant workers in essential services, which emphasise employers’ incentives as well as different national policies and institutional settings. We introduce the notion of systemic resilience to this context and outline key determinants of systemic resilience that have been identified in several disciplines but not yet applied in the field of labour migration. Given the importance of essential services, the paper argues that bolstering resilience should be a key objective for policy makers, and systemic resilience should be a criterion in impact assessments of migrant workers and in the design of labour migration and related policies. We find that this requires broader approaches to consider entire systems for the provision of essential goods and services, more attention to the medium and long run, and thinking beyond the protection of domestic workers. As an agenda for new migration research, we discuss three types of comparative analysis needed to examine the various ways in which migrant workers might affect systemic resilience.
Published in DAWN on December 01, 2023 KARACHI: Credit guarantee provider InfraZamin Pakistan and microfinance institution Kashf Foundation announced on Thursday the closing of South Asia’s inaugural gender bond. In a gong ceremony at the Pakistan Stock Exchange (PSX), Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (SECP) Chairman Akif Saeed praised the stakeholders for coming up with that […]
By Kamran Yousaf Published in The Express Tribune on November 25, 2023 ISLAMABAD: Foreign Minister Jalil Abbas Jilani is leaving for Brussels, the headquarters of the European Union (EU), on Sunday (today) to attend a global conference seeking a solution to end the illegal migration and suggest pathways to resolve the issue. Thousands of Pakistanis, often uneducated[…]