This major research study launched by the Lahore School of Economics in 2016, coordinated by GIDS and conducted together with Economics Faculty, is visualized as a long-term research project which will build-up a body of knowledge and analysis into the last five hundred years of Pakistan’s economic history starting from the eve of the Mughal Period to the creation of Pakistan and its over seventy years history. An important part of the project is to build-up a knowledge and data base by collecting historical publications (or their re-prints) covering this overall period as well as build-up a statistical data base on key economic indications (population, GDP, agriculture, industry, services, human development indicators, trade).

Economic History Society has also been revived as a part of the project. The first meeting of the Economic History Society was held on 12th January, 2019. Two working papers, “The Economics History of Pakistan since Mughals, 1520-2020: An Outline” by Dr. Rashid Amjad and “British Administration in Agrarian Punjab: order versus transformation (1849-1906)” by Maham Hameed have been published in 2019.

The outputs of this project will include books, monographs and working papers to be published by the Lahore School of Economics:

Main Researchers: Dr. Rashid Amjad (Co-ordinator), Dr. Naved Hamid, Dr. Azam Chaudhry, Dr. Fareeha Zafar, Dr. Shahnaz Rouse (Visiting Faculty), Dr. Khalil Hamdani (Visiting Faculty), Dr. Zafar Shaheed (Visiting Faculty)

Assisted by: Ms. Maham Hameed

The Economic History of Pakistan since the Mughals, 1520-2020: An Outline
by Rashid Amjad

Working Paper 01-2019, EHPS, Lahore School of Economics.

British Administration in Agrarian Punjab (1849-1906): order versus transformation
by Maham Hameed

Working Paper 02-2019, EHPS, Lahore School of Economics.

The State of Lahore under Colonialism: A Political Economic Analysis
by Shahnaz Rouse

Working Paper 03-2019, EHPS, Lahore School of Economics.

Gender research areas:

  1. Gender roles in economic and social relations and the impact on development
  2. The gendered impact of economic changes on labour market opportunities and inequalities in access to economic resources
  3. Patriarchy, culture and violence
  4. Analysis of policies and institutions on women’s empowerment.

The Centre on International Migration, Remittances and Diaspora (CIMRAD) was established in 2014 by the Lahore School of Economics and is the first institute of its kind in Pakistan. The Centre specializes in the study and analysis of international migration and its social and economic consequences –with a focus on the diaspora and the flow of remittances.

According to the estimates of the United Nations in 2013, there were 232 million international migrants. Between the years 1990 and 2013, the number of international migrants increased by more than 50% (an increase of 77 million migrants), with most of this growth having occurred between 2000 and 2010. Pakistan is a net emigration country and is listed amongst the top five net emigration countries in the world. Total remittances to developing countries are estimated at US $405 billion in 2013, outweigh the total development assistance and in fact are much greater than foreign direct investment to developing countries (excluding China.) In view of their increasing importance, it is vital to identify and suggest policy measures aimed at maximizing these inflows through official channels and make best use of them for economic development. According to the World Bank, international migrants from developing countries are expected to send an estimated US $436billion to their home countries in 2014. Pakistan received an amount of $15 billion as remittances in the year 2013 which are equivalent to over 6% of its GDP in 2013. These were contributed by the strong and dispersed Pakistani diaspora, estimated to be 7 million according to the Government of Pakistan but may well be much higher. The Pakistani diaspora increases the demand for Pakistani goods worldwide—from exports ranging from basic local fruits to high end clothing brands to media content. While remittances can be beneficial to a country, international migrants can create a loss of skilled labor for their home country. For their host countries, migrants can create cultural tensions or face labor exploitation. These complex social, economic, and cultural issues will all be explored through the lens of CIMRAD’s research.

This research draws on the Lahore School of Economics fifteen annual conferences on “Management of the Pakistan Economy” and its recent publication “Pakistan: Moving the Economy Forward” (OUP, 2015) as well as recent research to come up with a fresh and updated publication on the Pakistan economy which takes as a starting point the earlier widely read and quoted, Viqar Ahmed and Rashid Amjad, “The Management of Pakistan’s Economy 1947-1982 (Oxford University Press, 1984).

Lead Researcher: Dr. Rashid Amjad.

Assisted by: Ms. Almazia Shahzad.

New industrial policy – do we really need one?

By Dr. Manzoor Ahmad

Published in The Express Tribune, November 25th, 2019